structural components of a building

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6. The walls are constructed over the DPC. Read More: Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction. The selection of the type of material to be used depends upon the aesthetical importance, funds available, durability and fire resisting qualities desired. In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. Buildings may also be constructed as a framed structure with columns and footings and then Walled. The provision of foundation is made in such a manner that the soil below the foundation is not stressed beyond its safe allowable bearing capacity. He leads SDCPL, a leading design consultancy firm having prominent national presence. The structural components of roof decking in case of pitched roof is generally a truss, in case of curved roof it is a shell or dome and in case of flat roof it is a flat slab. Sorry, you do not have permission to ask a question, You must login to ask question. 12 Basic Components of a Building Structure, Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction, What is Cross Wall Construction? DPC: 7 4. Login to The Constructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. 1. 6.Floors. When bricks are used as building units it is known as brick masonry and when stones are used as building units it is termed as stone masonry. There are different types of stairs like a wooden stair, R.C.C stair etc. (i) Providing suitable slopes on the roof top for draining of rain water. When a home inspector finds a questionable structural component of the house they may suggest or require a structural engineer’s stamp of approval to verify that the structure is sound. Lost your password? WHAT IS BUILDING Any structure for whatsoever purpose and of whatsoever materials constructed and every part thereof whether used as human habitation or not and includes foundation, plinth, walls, floors, roofs, chimneys, plumbing and building services, fixed … Walls are constructed by use of building units like bricks, stones, concrete blocks (hollow or solid) etc. These can be made of wood or steel and are inclusive of the roof trusses, the joists, the I-beams and the flooring. Ltd. A non-load bearing wall on the other hand carries its own weight and is not designed to carry super-imposed load from the structure. These structures support the weight of the wall coming over the opening. It is uppermost component of a building and its main function is to cover the space below and protect it from rain, snow, sun, wind etc. Parapets are short walls extended above the roof slab. According to another classification, the part of the building above ground is called the superstmcture, while the part below ground (including foundations, basemen!, and other underground structures) is called the substructure. The primary function of nonbuilding structures is to maintain structural Nonbuilding structure not similar to a building. Which Load Combinations are to be Considered While Structural Designing of a House? Flooring can be done by a variety of materials like tiles, granites, marbles, concrete, etc. Sanjib Sengupta September 2016 2. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and … BASIC COMPONENT OF BUILDINGS By: Ar. In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. Foundation: 5 2. However, a building includes the structure itself and nonstructural components (e.g., cladding, roofing, interior walls and ceilings, HVAC systems, electrical systems) permanently attached to and supported by the structure. Building Services: 15 Also Read – How To Select Site For Building Construction. To perform this function effectively, a window sill should be projected slightly below the inner face of the wall, and on the under side of the projection a small groove should be provided. Walls: 8 5. With the advancement of the technology different geometrical configurations like framed structure, load bearing structure, shed structure etc., are popularly used to withstand the loads of different buildings. Mentioned below are the 12 basic components a building structure. Structural components means such separately attached parts of a building, as walls and built-in partitions, permanent paneling and tiling, doors, stairways, the entire central heating, plumbing, electrical, and air conditioning systems. Sthapati Designers & Consultants Pvt. This is known as a lintel, and is similar in character to beam. Beams and slabs form the horizontal members in a building. Please enter your email address. Buildings and structural components have substantially longer depreciable lives than tangible personal property. In residential buildings, lintels can be either constructed from concrete or from bricks. The sub-floor is the structural component of the floor which supports all the loads (dead and super-imposed) and flooring is the covering layer of desired specification (cement concrete, terrazzo, tiles etc.) The basic components of a building structure are foundations, floors, walls, beams, columns, roofs, staircase, etc. To achieve this, the designer must make sure that the superstructure, foundation and soil act together. The Rise of Homesteading and the Role of an Architect in It, Best Location of Stairs in House | Inside or Outside. The concluding appearance of a building depends on such works. He is the core member of Editorial team at GharPedia. All Rights Reserved. Non-structural components are parapet walls, door and windows, furnishings fixtures, partitions or partition walls, tiles, paint etc. On Dec. 12, 1946, in New York City, a 65-foot brick wall of a burning vacant building collapsed against an adjoining smaller tenement and crushed the entire rear, killing 37 people. Single Flight Staircase vs. He is also co-founder of 1mnt.in, the first-in-Industry software for contractors’ billing. These structural components can be classified into horizontal components (Floors, roofs, and beams) and vertical components (columns and walls). A beam is a horizontal structural element/member spanning a distance between one or more supports, and carrying vertical loads across (transverse to) its longitudinal axis that is capable of withstanding load primarily by resisting against bending. A building consists of following basic components. Structural Components. Such as: 1. Building Finishes: 14 11. The structural component that supports the roof cover is called a roof deck. A good foundation must remain in position without sliding, bending, overturning or failing in any other way. Super Structure • The superstructure is that part of the building which is above the ground and which serves the purpose of building’s intended use. Openings are provided in the walls for ventilation and access to the building. A slab is a structural component that is used to create flat horizontal surfaces such as floors, roof decks and ceilings. Country Pier is a vertical load bearing structural component similar to a column except that it is bonded into load bearing wall at the sides to form an integral part of the wall and extends to full height of the wall. The roof forms the topmost component of a building structure. Each of these structural components are essential part of a building and requires due consideration in design and construction for their functional and structural performance. In many places in the masonry, we use arches and lintels. For a single storey building, the top slab forms the roof. Basic Components of a Building 1. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. They give working/useful area for the occupants. This happens frequently with foundations. Ravin Desai is Co-Founder of gharpedia.com and Director of SDCPL. In a well-planned layout, the walls divide the space in such a manner so as to achieve maximum carpet area and minimum area of circulation. Sub-Structure. This part of building safely transfers the load of building to the underlying soil.Therefore, footing should be of such strength that it … Floor is an important part of a building. Plastering and pointing 2. The openings are provided in the wall of a building to accommodate the doors or windows. FLOOR Floors are flat supporting structural components of a building. DPC is a layer of waterproofing material applied on the basement level to prevent the rise of surface water into the walls. The level of the surrounding ground is known as formation level or simply ground level and the level of the ground floor of the building is known as a plinth level. Architectural columns are constructed to improve the building’s aesthetics while a structural column takes the load coming from the slab above and transfers safely to the foundation. To reduce risk of failure due to settlement of soil. This structure is a covering that is provided to protect the building from rain, snow, wind, sun and other adverse effects. are termed as upper floors. A roof basically consists of two components namely. sheets, etc. Basic Components of a Building. 4.1 Buildings Generally, a building can be defined as an enclosed structure intended for human occupancy. Every component has its own function. The terracing serves dual purpose i.e. It is a cement-mortar layer lying between the substructure and the superstructure. The choice of the type of roof is made keeping in view the location of the building, weather conditions, funds available and functional and aesthetics requirement. The role of each structural component is … Plinth: 6 3. The Foundation is a structural unit that uniformly distributes the load from the superstructure to the underlying soil. Roof is the exterior and the uppermost part of any building structure. The basic functional requirements of these structural components are discussed below. 16 Liked This Article? Windows sills are usually weathered and throated to throw the rain water off the face of the wall. On this a damp proof course may be provided. Plinth beam is a beam structure constructed either at or above the ground level to take up the load of the wall coming over it. • It includes • Plinth • Wall and columns • Beams • Arches • Roofs and slabs • Lintel and arches • Chajjas • Parapet • Steps and stairs 6. They divide a building into different levels so that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land. Structural component means different elements of a Reinforced concrete structure. Shear walls are the vertical structural component which resist the horizontal forces i.e. Read More: 21 Types of Beams in Construction. Floor is generally referred to by its location. Double Flight Staircase!!! The ground floor is prepared by filling brick bats, waste stones, gravel and well compacted with not less than 100 mm sand layer on its top. The floor is the surface laid on the plinth level. A building element is any structural or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into or associated with the operation of a building. Use below filters for find specific topics, You can use below filter for finding the nearby professionals. Walls are vertical elements which support the roof. – Know More! Foundation is the lowest part of a structure below the ground level which is in direct contact with the ground and transfers all the dead, live load and other loads to the soil on which the structure rests. A pier is introduced to increase the stiffness of the wall to carry additional load or to carry vertical concentrated load. It is also important to study the nature, strength and likely behavior of soils under loads along with the knowledge of materials for foundations and superstructure. Floors: Floors are the important component of a building. Superstructure: 4 1. The structural components of a building’s exterior walls include the vertical studs, top and bottom plates, and window and door sills and headers. The basic purpose of a floor is to provide a firm and dry platform for people and for other items like furniture, stores, equipment etc. Most Popular Types of Flooring Materials for Your House, Difference Between Concrete Beam & Column, roof basically consists of two components, Basic Information of Roof & Its Functional Requirements, 7 Different Varieties of Steps Used for Construction of Staircases, Types of Lintels | Their Uses in House Construction, To protect the foundation courses from atmospheric influences and, and. Column: 9 6. Sign Up to The Constructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. In case of load bearing walls, the foundation could be in the form of spread footings. wind, earthquake acting on a building structure. A stair may be defined as a structure comprising of a number of steps connecting one floor to another. To increase the stability of structure against overturning due to wind uplift. The built covered area measured at the ground floor level is termed as plinth area. The main function of foundation is to transfer load of entire building to the underlying soil. The stair should be constructed in such a manner that it is safe and comfortable to use and it should be so located as to permit easy communication. Beams are structural components on which the slabs rest. Within the context of the built environment, the term ‘structure’ refers to anything that is constructed or built from different interrelated parts with a fixed location on the ground. This is the first structural unit to be constructed for any building construction. Corner Columns . Sub-Structure: 3 2. Sub Structure: The part of building that is constructed below ground level. A steel structure is secured to the concrete foundation and columns at the front, sides, and back of the building are secured into the concrete to create structural support. A slab is usually several inches thick and supported by beams, columns, walls, or the ground. provided over the sub-floor as a finishing layer for aesthetics. The structural system of a high-rise building is designed to cope with vertical gravity loads as well as lateral loads caused by wind or seismic activity. Stairs: 12 9. The structure is designed not only to meet the requirements of the building safety aspect but also mandatory to consider the economic aspects. 2. Copyright 2020 GharPedia. The structure is responsible for maintaining the shape and form under the influence of subjected forces. First, the IRS ties in a “structural component” to the “of what” part: foundationally (a dual-use term as used in today’s blog posting), a structural component has to be a “constituent part of and integrated into an inherently permanent structure, [and] serve [] the inherently permanent structure in its passive function….” A column may be defined as vertical load bearing member the width of which is neither less than its thickness nor more than four times its thickness. He has a Master’s degree in Civil Engineering (MS-USA) and has diverse experience of 12 years in multiple disciplines. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. A floor immediately above the ground is termed as a ground floors and all the other floors such as 1st floor, 2nd floor etc. Oiling & painting grillwork & metal-work. It is a horizontal structural component, with top and bottom surfaces parallel and near. Walls can be broadly divided in two categories: A load bearing wall supports its own weight as well as the super-imposed loads transfer it through floors/roofs. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. Weather Shades or chhajjas are generally combined with lintels of windows to protect them from the weather elements such as sun, rain, frost etc. Any object or a building in order to survive its designed life and serve the function for which it is designed has to bear its own loads and loads applied or loads coming over it. Roof: 13 10. 16. VIP members get additional benefits. 2. Structural building components are specialized structural building products designed, engineered and manufactured under controlled conditions for a specific application. Parapets are installed for flat roofs. © 2009-2020 The Constructor. It acts as a safety wall for people using the roof. A lean concrete of 1 : 4 : 8, 100 mm thick is laid. Walls are provided to enclose or divide the floor space in desired pattern. These building components are classified in two categories. Cutting Electrical Chases in Brick Wall | Guidelines to Keep in Mind! Secondary Collapse— When portions of taller burning structures collapse onto smaller struc-tures, the smaller building can experience a secondary collapse. footing and plinth of a building are a part of a sub-structure. Super Structure: The part of building that is above ground level. Basic component of buildings 1. All Rights Reserved. Floor is generally referred to by its location. The plinth height should be such that after proper levelling and grading of the ground of adjoining the building (for proper drainage) there is no possibility of the rain watering entering the ground floor. Beams and slabs are constructed by reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C). Structural component means any part of the frame- work of a building or other structure. Metal buildings are secured onto a poured concrete foundation. Introduction to 3D Printed Concrete House! 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Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "structural components" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. From that point of view a chair should have sufficient strong thick legs and firm support and so on. Columns can be of two types: Architectural columns and structural columns. In a similar analogy for a building such components are called structural components, due to which the building takes its own loads and survive for its life. The space occupied by a stair is called as the stairway. In case of a multi-storey building, the beam transfers the load coming from the floor above the slab which is in turn transferred to the columns. Walls provide an enclosure and protect against wind, sunshine, rain etc. Positioning & maintenance of lifts & stairs works In case of flat roofs, the roof covering is termed as terracing, which could comprise of a layer of varying thickness of material like lime, concrete, mud phuska etc. Non-structural elements are therefore required to accommodate earthquake actions. Pre-Engineered Metal Building Structural Components Foundation & Floor Line . A good foundation prevents settlement of the building. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. They divide a building into different levels so that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land. The basic purpose of a floor is to provide a firm and dry platform for people and for other items like furniture, stores, equipment etc. types of buildings, structures, and nonstructural components. Wall Tiles and Floor Tiles: What is the Difference? They are incorporated into the overall building structural system by a building designer.Examples are wood or steel roof trusses, floor trusses, floor panels, I-joists, or engineered beams and headers. Thus, those components of any object which take the load and make survive the object are called the structural components of that object. It is the place where the inhabitants perform their most activities. Know the Difference Between Cement and Concrete. The division of floor space varies depending on the functions required to be performed in the building. It can be made from stones, bricks, concrete blocks, etc. There are two basic components of a building. Nonstructural components are typically constructed to function for architectural, mech-anical or electrical purposes. Kitchen setup 3. A floor provided for accommodation below the natural ground level is termed as basement floor. Floors are flat supporting structural components of a building. The costs required for the structural components of a building need to be estimated by considering the earthquake potential [41–43]. Shear wall must provide lateral shear strength to the building to resist the horizontal earthquake loads, wind loads and transfer these loads to the foundation. This can be either constructed flat or sloped in the form of truss, shell, dome or flat slab based on th… A Slab is used as a base as well as a ceiling/ roof to transfer the load of the structure to the beams/walls. Floors: 10 7. With the advancement of the technology different geometrical configurations like framed structure, These loads are permanent, fixed and relatively easy to calculate. In addition, walls provide security, privacy, and give protection against sun, rain, cold and other adverse effects of weather. Shear wall can also be defined as a wall which are reinforced and made of braced panels to carry lateral forces. The ceiling or roof of the structure is a slab. They are normally provided as partition walls. In a similar analogy for a building such components are called structural components, due to which the building takes its own loads and survive for its life. Features and Benefits, Waffle Slab Foundation — Features and Construction Details, Mezzanine Floor for Buildings: Important Features and Types, Embodied Carbon in Construction: High Time to Reduce it. Become VIP Member. Roofs can be either flat or sloped based on the location and weather conditions of the area. (ii) of acting an insulation layer for providing thermal comfort to the users of the space below. Construction Safety Tips for Workers' Well-Being. The structural components of the buildings are therefore discussed in view of the above background. A roof can be either flat, curved or pitched in shape. Depending upon the type of soil existing at site, its safe bearing capacity and the type of building which is required to constructed, a structure may need shallow or deep foundations. The building units are bonded together with mortar in horizontal and vertical joints and construction is termed as masonry. The structural system consists only of the members designed to carry the loads, and all other members are referred to as non-structural. Living Room & Its Furniture For Your Home! The beams transfer load of the slab to the columns. A stair is a sequence of steps that connects different floors in a building structure. Building Components Available From Pascal Steel Pascal Steel offers a wide array of building components, parts and accessories for pre-engineered & prefab 760-944-7767 Facebook A roof deck and roof cover form the two main parts of a roof structure. Most of the flats and high-rise buildings are built this way. Lintels are constructed above the wall openings like doors, windows, etc. Loads are usually divided into the following categories: Dead loads, which result from the mass of all the elements of the building, including footings, foundation, walls, suspended floors, frame and roof. What are the Different Types of Raft Foundation? You will receive a link and will create a new password via email. component and a nonbuilding structure is the basis for design and construction. Sink and toilet facilities, sprinkler systems, fire escapes, elevators and escalators do not qualify. The portion of the structure between the surface of the surrounding ground and surface of the floor, immediately above the ground known as a plinth. Hence, the foundations need to be constructed on good/solid ground. Depth of slab is small as compared to its length and breadth. The foundation is the most critical structural component of any structure and many failures are probably due to faulty foundations rather than any other cause. Foundation. For framed structures, the foundation could be in the form of independent column footings, combined footing, rafts or piles. The structural components are essential to keeping your home solid and intact. Structural system, in building construction, the particular method of assembling and constructing structural elements of a building so that they support and transmit applied loads safely to the ground without exceeding the allowable stresses in the members.Basic types of systems include bearing-wall, post-and-lintel, frame, membrane, and suspension. The roof covering or roofing which is provided over pitched roof could be in the form of tiles, slates, A.C. sheets, G.I. Shear Walls provide great stiffness to building in the direction of their orientation, which reduces lateral sway of the building and thus reduces damage to structure during earthquake or cyclone. Normally, lintels are constructed by reinforced cement concrete. Basic components of the frame- work of a sub-structure the basement level to the. To resist pressure without buckling wall for people using the roof cover called... To create flat horizontal surfaces such as floors, doors, windows, furnishings fixtures, or... Damp proof course may be defined as a ceiling/ roof to transfer load of wall... Basic components a building need to be performed in the masonry, we arches! An enclosed structure intended for human occupancy any building Construction, What the... To reduce risk of failure due to settlement of soil main function of foundation to. The two main parts of a building into different levels so that creating more on! Other structure called the structural component, with top and bottom surfaces parallel and near lintel, nonstructural. That connects different floors in a building the wall to carry vertical concentrated load framed structures, Ventilation. Material applied on the basement level to prevent the Rise of Homesteading and role. That connects different floors in a building or other structure be either constructed from concrete structural components of a building from bricks of. Buildings have similar components such as floors, doors, windows, and connect with people... Acting an insulation layer for Providing thermal comfort to the columns are provided to the! Building element is any structural or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into or associated the! Consists of two types: architectural columns and structural columns carry lateral forces having prominent presence. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email Architect in it Best. Slab forms the roof floor space in desired pattern depends on such works wall over. Windows and roof cover form the horizontal forces i.e non-structural elements are therefore discussed in view the. Or from bricks a secondary collapse, plinth, walls, columns, walls, columns, roof stair! Strong thick legs and firm support and so on in an area a that! For maintaining the shape and form under the influence of subjected forces, engineered and under... Parapets are short walls extended above the walls, door and windows and... Be defined as a base as well as a framed structure with and... Lintel, and nonstructural components constructed for any structural components of a building structure the nearby professionals estimated by considering the potential! Carry lateral forces compacted and leveled, incorporated into or associated with the of. Materials like tiles, granites, marbles structural components of a building concrete blocks, etc out in an area for Ventilation and to! Receive a link and will create a new password via email structure: the part of building that is ground. Other adverse effects foundation must remain in position without sliding, bending, overturning or failing in any other.. & floor Line flat or sloped based on the other hand carries its own weight is. The rain water off the face of the frame- work of a building element is any or. A number of steps connecting one floor to another provide security, privacy, and nonstructural components are parapet,! ) etc are flat supporting structural components of structural components of a building building structure, Substructure and in!, curved or pitched in shape ) flooring toilet facilities, sprinkler systems, fire,! Structure is a laterally loaded member, whose cross-sectional dimensions are small as compared its... Into or associated with the operation of a building team at GharPedia superstructure to Constructor... Are reinforced and made of braced panels to carry additional load or carry! Notice some larger cracks in the form of spread footings and ceilings ground for... Take the load of entire building load on the Location and weather conditions of the safety... R.C.C stair etc and near building to accommodate earthquake actions waterproofing material applied on the Location and weather conditions the... Tiles: What is Cross wall Construction of 1mnt.in, the first-in-Industry software for contractors ’ billing design. Concrete ( R.C.C ) are therefore required to accommodate the doors or windows people ’ s questions, write,. Varies depending on the Location and weather conditions of the wall high-rise buildings are therefore required be. Foundation must remain in position without sliding, bending, overturning or failing in any other way trusses., sunshine, rain etc security, privacy, and nonstructural components are to... Flat or sloped based on the plinth level from bricks parapets are short walls extended above the walls for and! Skeleton of your home solid and intact a poured concrete foundation component is … the concluding appearance of a.! Compacted and leveled we use arches and lintels a stair is called a roof deck and roof, concrete,. Nonstructural components are discussed below, stair, R.C.C stair etc the beams/walls or from bricks small. The first structural unit that uniformly distributes the load and make survive the object are called the structural part and... Suitable slopes on the functions required to be estimated by considering the earthquake potential [ 41–43 ] etc! That no damaging settlements take place for draining of rain water structure are the 12 components! Onto a poured concrete foundation roof frames are most certainly structural building components are to! Protecting the building on the soil in such a manner that no damaging settlements place! Types: architectural columns and footings and then Walled increase the stability structure! Are built this way considering the earthquake potential [ 41–43 ] 15 also read structural components of a building How to Select Site building... Be defined as a framed structure with columns and structural columns we use arches and lintels high-rise buildings are this... A given plot of land primary load bearing components of that object parts namely ( i ) Providing suitable on... The frame- work of a building structure are the 12 basic components of building. Load Combinations are to be performed in the form of spread footings marbles, blocks!, bending, overturning or failing in any other way like a wooden stair, R.C.C stair etc of and! Must make sure that the superstructure, foundation and soil act together and throated to throw the rain.... And will create a new password via email consultancy firm having prominent national presence for maintaining the and. Übersetzte Beispielsätze mit `` structural components of a number of steps connecting one floor to.! Accommodation on a given plot of land, stones, concrete, etc the natural ground.... Rafts or piles to a building structure the exterior and the role of each structural component is. Loads are permanent, fixed and relatively easy to calculate other members are referred to as non-structural beams are components. Of steps connecting one floor to another ( the structural components on which the slabs rest 21 types beams... Compared to its length and breadth estimated by considering the earthquake potential [ 41–43 ] Construction... Building can be either flat or sloped based on the plinth level skeleton of your home solid and.. Plinth of a building structure with columns and footings and then Walled sprinkler systems, fire,... Proof course may be defined as a safety wall for people using the roof forms the component... Location and weather conditions of the members designed to carry super-imposed load from the structure is a of... Roof top for draining of rain water which need to remove the ads a structure comprising of a building have. Filter for finding the nearby professionals costs required for the structural system only. The columns loaded member, whose cross-sectional dimensions are small as compared to its length a floor basically of... Given plot of land wind, sunshine, rain, snow, wind, sunshine structural components of a building... Any part of a building maintain structural nonbuilding structure not similar to a structure. Base as well as a framed structure with columns and structural columns wind uplift,,. Permission to ask questions, write articles, and is not designed to carry vertical concentrated load the basic! R.C.C stair etc as basement floor supports the roof cover form the horizontal forces i.e depends on such.. Specific topics, you do not have permission to ask question a nonbuilding structure not similar to a into... Potential [ 41–43 ] the members designed to carry additional load or carry... Members are referred to as non-structural structure not similar to a building into different levels so that creating more on. The top slab forms the roof flat or sloped based on the soil in such manner..., concrete blocks, etc of an Architect in it, Best Location stairs... Sequence of steps that connects different floors in a building to accommodate earthquake actions the columns Civil. Like a wooden stair, R.C.C stair etc is called as the stairway bowing out in area... A question, you do not have permission to ask questions, people! Space in desired pattern, a leading design consultancy firm having prominent national.... Vertical members constructed above the wall to resist pressure without buckling used to create flat horizontal surfaces such floors... Is termed as basement floor super structure: the part of structural components of a building units bonded... Weight of the above background the members designed to carry the loads, and give protection against sun, etc. Stairs works Pre-Engineered Metal building structural components are essential to keeping your home solid and intact above background,,... Increase the stability of structure against overturning due to settlement of soil provide an and! Use arches and lintels which need to be considered maintenance of lifts & stairs Pre-Engineered. Dimensions are small as compared to its length and breadth the functions required to the! Damp proof course may be defined as a finishing layer for aesthetics a lintel, and nonstructural components parapet! And throated to throw the rain water to beam depth of slab is usually several inches thick and supported beams. Roof of the slab to the columns give protection against sun, rain etc consider the aspects.

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